Heritage Preservation

  • Recent Update

    Report on Archaeological Survey cum Excavation Finding in Scared Hill (North) for SCL (Tai Wai to Hung Hom Section) (June 2017)
    (The below mentioned ”To Kwa Wan Station” is now currently known as “Sung Wong Toi Station”)

    The final report of the archaeological works for the SCL To Kwa Wan Station works site was submitted to the Antiquities and Monuments Office and accepted in late June 2017. It consolidates information on the archaeological finds unearthed in the SCL To Kwa Wan Station works site, including their characteristics and periods of origins.

    During the three-phased archaeological works which lasted more than two years from late 2012, a large quantity of ceramic shards was unearthed. They included a small amount of high quality ceramic shards and a large amount of shards of ceramic utensils with the majority being commonly used back then. Features from the Song-Yuan period to mid-20th century were unearthed, providing physical evidence to support that the areas of archaeological works were inhabited as early as the Song-Yuan period. The finds deepen the understanding of the history of the former Sacred Hill area and have provided the basis for future academic researches on Hong Kong during the Song and Yuan dynasties.

    Please click here for the press release, here for the executive summary and here for the full report.

    Antiquities Advisory Board meeting (8 June 2017)
    The Corporation and government departments attended the Antiquities Advisory Board meeting and presented the modifications in design for the SCL To Kwa Wan Station for the conservation of archaeological features and answered members’ queries.

    Agenda and related documents can be viewed at the Antiquities Advisory Board website.

    Members of Advisory Council on the Environment visit the archaeological survey site (13 March 2015)
    Advisory Council on the Environment members visited the works site of To Kwa Wan Station to learn about the archaeological features discovered at the site.

    Secretary for Development announced the conservation plans of SCL archaeological works (8 December 2014)
    Secretary for Development announced the conservation plans for archaeological features discovered at SCL To Kwa Wan Station.

    Please refer to the website of the Development Bureau, “SDEV speaks on conservation plans for archaeological features discovered at To Kwa Wan Station of the Shatin to Central Link” for more details.

    Antiquities Advisory Board meeting (4 December 2014)
    The Corporation and government departments attended Antiquities Advisory Board meeting and presented the latest archaeological features discovered at To Kwa Wan Station and the proposed conservation proposal of the relics, and answered the queries of the members.

    Meeting minutes and related documents can be viewed at the Antiquities Advisory Board website.

    Kowloon City District Council special meeting (1 December 2014)
    The Corporation and government departments attended Kowloon City District Council special meeting and presented the latest archaeological features discovered at To Kwa Wan Station and the proposed conservation proposal of the relics, and answered queries of the members.

    For details, please refer to the presentation slides (Chinese version only).

    Members of Kowloon City District Council visit the archaeological survey site (1 December 2014)
    To learn more about the archaeological features discovered at To Kwa Wan Station works site, members of Kowloon City District Council visited the works site of To Kwa Wan Station again. Representatives of the Corporation, government departments, and archaeologists presented the latest progress of the archaeological survey and conservation proposals.

    For details, please refer to the presentation slides (Chinese version only).

    Antiquities Advisory Board members visit the archaeological survey site (26 November 2014)
    To learn about the archaeological features discovered at To Kwa Wan Station works site, Antiquities Advisory Board members and representatives of government departments visited the works site of To Kwa Wan Station.

    Meetings of related Panels of Legislative Council (24 and 25 November 2014)
    The Corporation and government departments attended the meetings of Subcommittee on Matters Relating to Railways and Panel on Development of Legislative Council, and presented the latest archaeological features discovered at To Kwa Wan Station and the proposed conservation proposals.

    Please click here for the presentation slides of the Subcommittee on Matters Relating to Railways meeting on 24 November 2014.

    Please click here for the paper and here for the presentation slides of the Panel on Development meeting on 25 November 2014.

    Special meeting of the Antiquities Advisory Board (20 November 2014)
    The Corporation and government departments presented the latest archaeological features discovered at To Kwa Wan Station and the proposed conservation proposal of the relics to members of Antiquities Advisory Board.

    Meeting minutes and related documents can be viewed at the Antiquities Advisory Board website.

    Archaeological field works at To Kwa Wan Station works site have been completed (Late September 2014)
    Archaeological field works at Part 2 and Part 3 Archaeological Area were completed in late September.

    Antiquities Advisory Board members visit the archaeological survey site (21 July 2014)
    To learn about the updated progress of the archaeological survey and the construction works of temporary protection wall at T1 archaeological area, Antiquities Advisory Board members and representatives of Antiquities and Monuments Office visited the works site of To Kwa Wan Station. The construction of temporary protection wall has been completed and the excavation of the nearby Tunnel Boring Machine launching shaft has been resumed progressively.

    Protection wall for archaeological area T1 (25 June 2014)
    The construction of a temporary protection wall commenced at the T1 archaeological area of the To Kwa Wan Station works site to protect archaeological finds during the rainy season. Prior to the commencement of construction works, the project team put a series of monitoring measures in place to ensure that the finds are not affected by the works.

    Antiquities Advisory Board special meeting (24 June 2014)
    The Corporation presented an enhanced protection wall proposal for the T1 archaeological site at the Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) launching shaft area to the Antiquities Advisory Board members to address their concerns about the original proposal. The purpose of building the protection wall is to minimise the impact of adverse weather and nearby construction works to the finds at the T1 archaeological site.

    Meeting minutes and related documents can be viewed at the Antiquities Advisory Board website.

    For press release, please click here.

    Kowloon City District Council members visit the archaeological survey site (10 June 2014)
    Kowloon City District Council members visited the works site of To Kwa Wan Station to learn about the progress of the archaeological survey and the construction works. Representatives from the Corporation and the archaeological specialist employed by the Contractor briefed members about the construction works and the archaeological survey.

    For the presentation slides, please click here (Chinese version only).

    Legislative Council members visit the archaeological survey site (3 June 2014)
    To learn more about the progress of the archaeological survey and the construction works, members of the Panel on Transport and other panels of the Legislative Council visited the works site of To Kwa Wan Station. Representatives from the Antiquities and Monuments Office, the archaeological specialist employed by the Contractor and the General Manager – SCL updated members about the construction works and the archaeological survey.

    For the presentation slides, please click here (Chinese version only).

    For the press release, please click here.

    Antiquities Advisory Board special meetings (15 and 29 May 2014)
    The Corporation presented the latest progress of the archaeological works at To Kwa Wan Station works site to members of Antiquities Advisory Board.

    Meeting minutes and related documents can be viewed at the Antiquities Advisory Board website.

    Meeting of Working Group on SCL under Kowloon City District Council’s Traffic and Transport Committee (12 May 2014)
    The Corporation presented the latest progress update on the archaeological works at the To Kwa Wan Station site to members of Working Group on SCL under Kowloon City District Council’s Traffic and Transport Committee.

    For the presentation slides, please click here (Chinese version only).

    Antiquities Advisory Board members visit the archaeological survey site (2 May 2014)
    To learn about the progress of the archaeological survey and the construction works, Antiquities Advisory Board members and representatives of Antiquities and Monuments Office visited the works site of To Kwa Wan Station.

  • Introduction

    The Corporation respects the preservation of relics and history. Prior to the commencement of the SCL project, the Corporation conducted archaeological studies at the works site in the Kai Tak Development Area near Sung Wong Toi Playground and the former Tia Hom Village of Diamond Hill as recommended by the Approved Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Report of the SCL. All finds and field archives of the above exercises are being handled according to the statutory requirements for handling archaeological finds and archives.

  • Archaeological survey at To Kwa Wan Station works site

    Background
    The construction works for To Kwa Wan Station are now in progress in the Kai Tak Development Area near Sung Wong Toi Playground. In the approved Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Report of the SCL, it was recommended that an archaeological survey-cum-excavation be conducted at the designated area (i.e. Part 1 Archaeological Area) to salvage any possible archaeological remains discovered in the project site.

    Archaeological Survey-cum-Excavation Area as per EIA (Nov 2012 – End of 2013) (Part 1 Archaeological Area)
    The archaeological survey-cum-excavation commenced in November 2012 and was completed in December 2013. The archaeological work was conducted by a team of independent qualified archaeologists led by Dr Liu Wen-suo. The archaeological work was conducted in accordance with the works plan approved by Antiquities and Monuments Office. Meanwhile, piling works outside the archaeological area have commenced as per the original schedule. In view of the quantity of the finds and relics discovered, and to allow the public to understand more about the finds, an Interim Report was submitted to Antiquities and Monuments Office in April 2014 upon the department’s request to report the initial analysis of the finds.

    For the interim report of Archaeological work at Sacred Hill area for Shatin to Central Link – Tai Wai to Hung Hom Section, please click here.

    Archaeological Watching Brief at shaft area (Part 2 Area) (Sep 2013 – Early 2014)
    In September 2013, over 500 coins from the Song Dynasty were found while piling works were being carried out at the Tunnel Boring Machine launching shaft. Antiquities and Monuments Office was then notified for site inspection. It was agreed with relevant government departments and Antiquities and Monuments Office that an archaeological watching brief should be conducted at the launching shaft area. In other words, the archaeological area was extended to the Tunnel Boring Machine launching shaft area.

    An archaeological watching brief usually refers to monitoring works to be carried out by archaeologists during construction. To be cautious, an archaeological excavation was carried out at the Part 2 Area.

    The east part of the launching shaft was the mountain body of the former Sacred Hill and no cultural layer was found there, whereas the west part contained cultural layers dating from the Late Qing-Republic of China periods to the Song-Yuan Dynasties. Features including the building features, stone well and pottery drainage were discovered in Area T1.

    For more stringent protection of the archaeological study area, modifications of the design and construction of SCL To Kwa Wan Station have been made in accordance with the conservation plans announced by the Antiquities Authority. These include modification and relocation of the station ventilation facilities and plant rooms to allow in-situ preservation of Well J1 and nearby building foundation remains; installation of additional protection wall to protect the stone building features outside the northern side of the station from any construction impacts.

    Archaeological Watching Brief at station area (Part 3 Area) (Apr – Sep 2014)
    Based on the findings in Part 2 Area, it is considered that there is still archaeological potential in the remaining excavation areas of To Kwa Wan Station. After discussion between the Corporation and relevant government departments including Antiquities and Monument Office, the area of the archaeological survey was extended to the whole construction area of To Kwa Wan Station under the advice of Antiquities and Monument Office to make sure that any potential cultural layers would not be affected by the construction works. The excavation of the station and adits were partially suspended, while the archaeological survey was completed. The further Archaeological Watching Brief fieldwork was completed in September 2014.

    Impact of archaeological works on the SCL construction:
    Excavation of the Tunnel Boring Machine launching shaft was suspended to make way for the archaeological study which has delayed the original timetable for assembling the tunnel boring machine, resulting in an estimated delay of at least 11 months to the Tai Wai to Hung Hom Section of the SCL. With joint efforts made by the projects team and contractors, the delay has been partially mitigated with the target commissioning date of the Tai Wai to Hung Hom Section of the SCL advanced to mid-2019. It is estimated that the archaeological works would result in a minimum additional cost of HK$4.1 billion to the SCL. The Corporation has submitted the latest Cost to Complete estimate to Government and stands ready to provide any further information required to assist the Government in its review of such estimate.

  • Heritage Preservation at Former Tai Hom Village

    Recent update
    The archaeological report of the archaeological works conducted at the former Tai Hom Village of Diamond Hill as recommended by the approved Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Report of the SCL was submitted and accepted by the Antiquities and Monuments Office in February 2017.

    Please click here for the press release, here for the executive summary and here for the full report.

    Background
    Two historical structures located at the former Tai Hom Village, the Old Pillbox and the former Royal Airforce Hangar are classified as Grade 2 and Grade 3 historical buildings respectively. Built heritage experts were invited to prepare an intensive study to formulate a detailed conservation plan based on the structural assessment. The Corporation has temporarily relocated the Old Pillbox and the former Royal Airforce Hangar in pieces as far as practicable according to the conversion plan approved by the Antiquities and Monuments Office.

    The steel frame of the Royal Airforce Hangar was already extensively corroded and part of the frame had collapsed, while asbestos was also found in the wall cladding and roofing materials of the Hangar. It would thus be impossible to fully restore the structure. Each component was carefully recorded with numbering by our contractor. These components were stabilized and protected by framework, then gradually dismantled and temporarily stored in June 2013 following the approved conversion plan. On the other hand, the structure of the Old Pillbox was relatively complete. Steel frames were erected inside to stabilize the structure so as to foster the relocation together with the associated foundation. The Pillbox was successfully relocated in November 2013.

    Both the Hangar and the Pillbox are now properly stored in temporary storage compounds in the MTR works site at the former Tai Hom Village.

    Condition of the former Royal Airforce Hangar before dismantling and storage.

    The Hangar is now properly stored in temporary storage compounds.

    Strengthening works were done before relocation of the Old Pillbox.

    The Old Pillbox was moved away from the construction site.